Created By The Mercury 7 Astronauts
Shannon W. Lucid, Ph.D. was selected by NASA in January 1978 and became an astronaut in August 1979 as part of the first U.S. astronaut class to include women. A veteran of five space flights, including one stay on the Russian space station Mir, she has logged over 5,354 hours – 223 days – in space. She set a record for the most flight hours in orbit by a female astronaut, which she held until 2007, and remains the only American woman to have served aboard Mir.
Lucid launched aboard Discovery on June 17, 1985 on her first mission, STS-51G. The crew deployed several communications satellites and used the Remote Manipulator System (RMS) to deploy and retrieve the SPARTAN satellite, which performed X-ray astronomy experiments while separated from Discovery. The crew also participated in biomedical experiments and performed other mission objectives.
STS-34 saw Lucid lift off aboard Atlantis on October 18, 1989, with objectives of deploying the Galileo spacecraft on its mission to explore Jupiter, operating the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Instrument (SSBUV), and performing numerous other experiments.
Lucid returned to space aboard Atlantis once more as a mission specialist for STS-43, which launched on August 2, 1991. The crew deployed the fifth Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-E) and conducted 32 physical, material, and life science experiments.
On October 18, 1993, Lucid launched aboard Columbia for STS-58. The crew performed many medical experiments, expanding our knowledge of human and animal physiology. They also performed engineering tests and Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project experiments. This 14-day mission was recognized by NASA as the agency’s most successful and efficient Spacelab flight.
After a year of training in Star City, Russia, Lucid lifted off aboard STS-76 Atlantis on March 22, 1996 and was transported to the Russian space station Mir. Lucid spent 188 days on the station serving as Board Engineer 2 for the Mir EO-21 mission, performing life and physical science experiments. She was the second American to have a long-duration stay aboard Mir. She returned to Earth aboard STS-79 Atlantis on September 26, 1996.
Besides working as an astronaut, Lucid also worked in the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory (SAIL); the Flight Software Laboratory; the Astronaut Office, where she worked on payload testing, Shuttle testing, and launch countdowns; as a CAPCOM at Johnson Space Center Mission Control Center; as Chief of Mission Support and Chief of Astronaut Appearances; and as NASA’s Chief Scientist at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C. Lucid retired from NASA in January 2012.
Lucid was inducted into the U.S. Astronaut Hall of Fame on May 2, 2014.