Created By The Mercury 7 Astronauts
Astronaut Scholar Karen Feigh (1999, 2000) is a professor in the Aerospace Engineering Department at Georgia Tech. She has received a grant from NASA and the National Space Biomedical Research Institute to help answer questions about astronaut health and performance during future long duration missions beyond low Earth orbit.
NASA’s Human Research Program and the National Space Biomedical Research Institute (NSBRI) will fund 27 proposals to help answer questions about astronaut health and performance during future long duration missions beyond low Earth orbit.
The selected proposals will investigate the impact of the space environment on various aspects of astronaut health, including visual impairment, behavioral health and performance, bone and muscle loss, cardiovascular alterations, human factors and performance, sensorimotor adaptation and the development and application of smart medical systems and technologies.
All of the selected projects will contribute towards NASA’s long-term plans, such as those planned for the journey to Mars. Georgia Tech engineering faculty had two proposals funded.
Ross Ethier, professor of biomedical engineering, “VIIP Simulations of CSF, Hemodynamics and Ocular Risk”
Karen Feigh, associate professor of aerospace engineering, “Objective Function Allocation Method for Human-Automation/Robotic Interaction using Work Models that Compute”
The Program and NSBRI work together to address the practical problems of spaceflight that impact astronaut health and their research may provide knowledge and technologies that could improve human health and performance during space exploration and develop potential countermeasures for problems experienced during space travel. The organizations’ goals are to help astronauts complete their challenging missions successfully and to preserve their long-term health.
These investigations will take place on the International Space Station as well as in ground-analog settings that mimic the spaceflight environment.
In addition to the two faculty members from the College of Engineering, one addtional researcher from Georgia Tech received an award. Dr. Ute Fischer, a research scientist in the Ivan Allen College of Liberal Arts, received a grant for “Understanding Key Components of Successful Autonomous Space Missions.”
The selected proposals are from 19 institutions in 11 states and will receive a total of approximately $12 million during a one- to three-year period. The 27 projects were selected from 131 proposals received in response to the research announcements entitled, “Research and Technology Development to Support Crew Health and Performance in Space Exploration Missions” and “NASA’s Human Research Program Artificial Gravity Opportunity.”
Science and technology experts from academia, government and industry reviewed the proposals. NASA will manage 20 of the projects and NSBRI will manage seven. Ten of the investigators are new to both organizations, and two of the selected projects will be jointly funded by the Human Research Program and NASA’s Space Biology Program.
The Human Research Program quantifies crew health and performance risks during spaceflight and develops strategies that mission planners and system developers can use to monitor and mitigate these risks. These studies often lead to advancements in understanding and treating illnesses in patients on Earth.
NSBRI is studying the health risks related to long-duration spaceflight and developing the technologies and countermeasures needed for human space exploration missions. The Institute’s science, technology and career development projects take place at approximately 60 institutions across the United States.
For information about NSBRI’s science, technology and career development programs, visit www.nsbri.org.